shell+expect服务器批量巡检脚本


文件说明

该Shell脚本旨在针对大量Linux服务器的巡检提供一种相对自动化的解决方案。脚本组成有三部分:shellsh.sh、checksh.sh、file.txt;这三个文件需放在一个文件夹下以root权限执行,缺一不可。
脚本用法
将要巡检的服务器的IP地址和对应的密码全部放入file.txt中保存,每行一个IP对应一个密码即可。然后用如下命令运行:
#./ shellsh.sh file.txt   192.168.182.143 123456  22
其中file.txt可以更换文件名,192.168.182.143为你想保存巡检日志的到哪个服务器的服务器IP,123456为该服务器的密码。
运行结果

运行完后会在192.168.182.143服务器的/tmp目录下升成一个目录,即:GatherLogDirectory这个目录下即存放的是被巡检的服务器的巡检日志,这些日志以被巡检的服务器的IP命名,形如:192.168.182.146.log。在被巡检的服务器上会升成两个目录即:CheckScript、 LocalServerLogDirectory;其中CheckScript中是checksh.sh脚本,LocalServerLogDirectory中存放的是checksh.sh在该服务器上运行后升成的日志。


 vim file.txt

172.16.1.130 123456  22

vim shellsh.sh

#!/bin/bash
login_info=$1
gather_server_ip=$2
gather_server_password=$3
gather_server_port=$4
grep_ip=`ifconfig | grep '\([[:digit:]]\{1,3\}\.\)\{3\}[[:digit:]]\{1,3\}' --color=auto -o | sed -e '2,5d'`


GatherPath="/tmp/GatherLogDirectory"
CheckScriptPath="/tmp/CheckScript"




if [ $# -ne 4 ]; then
    echo -e "Parameters if fault!\n"
    echo -e "Please using:$0 login_info gather_server_ip\n"
    echo -e "For example: $0 IpAndPasswordAndPort.txt $grep_ip Local_password Local_SSH_Listen_Port\n"
    exit;
fi


chk_expect=`whereis expect`
awk_expect=`echo ${chk_expect}| awk -F ":" '{print $2}'`
if [ ${#awk_expect} -eq 0 ];then
        /usr/bin/yum install expect -y
else
        echo "expect soft installed"
fi




if [ ! -x "$GatherPath" ];then
    mkdir -p  "$GatherPath"
    echo -e "The log's path is: $GatherPath"
fi






cat $login_info | while read line


do


    server_ip=`echo $line|awk '{print $1}'`
    server_password=`echo $line|awk '{print $2}'`
    server_port=`echo $line|awk '{print $3}'`
    login_server_command="ssh -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no  -p $server_port  root@$server_ip"
    scp_gather_server_checksh="scp -P $server_port  checksh.sh root@$server_ip:$CheckScriptPath"


/usr/bin/expect<<EOF
        set timeout 3
        spawn $login_server_command
        expect {
                   "*yes/no" { send "yes\r"; exp_continue }
                   "*password:" { send "$server_password\r" }
               }
    expect "Permission denied, please try again." {exit}
        expect "#" { send "mkdir -p $CheckScriptPath\r"}
        expect eof
        exit


EOF

/usr/bin/expect<<EOF
        set timeout 10
        spawn $scp_gather_server_checksh
        expect {
                   "*yes/no" { send "yes\r"; exp_continue }
                   "*password:" { send "$server_password\r" }
               }
expect "Permission denied, please try again." {exit}
expect "Connection refused" {exit}
        expect "100%"
        expect eof
        exit


EOF


    
/usr/bin/expect<<EOF
        set timeout 30 
        spawn $login_server_command
        expect {
                   "*yes/no" { send "yes\r"; exp_continue }
                   "*password:" { send "$server_password\r" }
               }
    expect "Permission denied, please try again." {exit}
        expect "#" { send "cd $CheckScriptPath;./checksh.sh $gather_server_ip $gather_server_password $gather_server_port\r"}
        expect eof
        exit


EOF


done


vim checksh.sh

#!/bin/bash
########################################################################################
#Function:
#This script checks the system's information,disks's information,performance,etc...of the
#server
#
#Author:
#By Jack Wang
#
#Company:
#ShaanXi Great Wall Information Co.,Ltd.
########################################################################################


########################################################################################
#
#GatherServerIpAddress is the server's IP address that gather the checking log
#GatherServerPassword is the server's IP address that gather the checking log
#
########################################################################################
GatherServerIpAddress=$1
GatherServerPassword=$2
GatherServerPort=$3
########################################################################################
#GetTheIpCommand is a command that you can get the IP address
########################################################################################
GetTheIpCommand=`ifconfig | grep '\([[:digit:]]\{1,3\}\.\)\{3\}[[:digit:]]\{1,3\}' --color=auto -o | sed -e '2,5d'`


########################################################################################
#LogName is a command that Your logs'name
########################################################################################
LogName=`ifconfig|grep '\([[:digit:]]\{1,3\}\.\)\{3\}[[:digit:]]\{1,3\}' --color=auto -o|sed -e '2,5d'``echo "-"``date +%Y%M%d`


########################################################################################
#
#GatherLogPath is a path that collecting log path
#LocalServerLogPath is local log path
#
########################################################################################
GatherServerLogPath="/tmp/GatherLogDirectory"
LocalServerLogPath="/tmp/LocalServerLogDirectory"




########################################################################################
#LinuxOsInformation is function that usege to collect OS's information
########################################################################################
LinuxOsInformation(){
Hostname=`hostname`
UnameA=`uname -a`
OsVersion=`cat /etc/issue | sed '2,4d'`
Uptime=`uptime|awk '{print $3}'|awk -F "," '{print $1}'`
ServerIp=`ifconfig|grep "inet"|sed '2,4d'|awk -F ":" '{print $2}'|awk '{print $1}'`
ServerNetMask=`ifconfig|grep "inet"|sed '2,4d'|awk -F ":" '{print $4}'|awk '{print $1}'`
ServerGateWay=`netstat -r|grep "default"|awk '{print $2}'`
SigleMemoryCapacity=`dmidecode|grep -P -A5 "Memory\s+Device"|grep "Size"|grep -v "Range"|grep '[0-9]'|awk -F ":" '{print $2}'|sed 's/^[ \t]*//g'`
MaximumMemoryCapacity=`dmidecode -t 16|grep "Maximum Capacity"|awk -F ":" '{print $2}'|sed 's/^[ \t]*//g'`
NumberOfMemorySlots=`dmidecode -t 16|grep "Number Of Devices"|awk -F ":" '{print $2}'|sed 's/^[ \t]*//g'`
MemoryTotal=`cat /proc/meminfo|grep "MemTotal"|awk '{printf("MemTotal:%1.0fGB\n",$2/1024/1024)}'|awk -F ":" '{print $2}'`
PhysicalMemoryNumber=`dmidecode|grep -A16 "Memory Device"|grep "Size:"|grep -v "No Module Installed"|grep -v "Range Size:"|wc -l`
ProductName=`dmidecode|grep -A10 "System Information"|grep "Product Name"|awk -F ":" '{print $2}'|sed 's/^[ \t]*//g'`
SystemCPUInfomation=`cat /proc/cpuinfo|grep "name"|cut  -d: -f2|awk '{print "*"$1,$2,$3,$4}'|uniq -c|sed 's/^[ \t]*//g'`


echo -e "Hostname|$Hostname\nUnamea|$UnameA\nOsVersion|$OsVersion\nUptime|$Uptime\nServerIp|$ServerIp\nServerNetMask|$ServerNetMask\nServerGateWay|$ServerGateWay\nSigleMemoryCapacity|$SigleMemoryCapacity\nMaximumMemoryCapacity|$MaximumMemoryCapacity\nNumberOfMemorySlots|$NumberOfMemorySlots\nMemoryTotal|$MemoryTotal\nPhysicalMemoryNumber|$PhysicalMemoryNumber\nProductName|$ProductName\nSystemCPUInformation|$SystemCPUInfomation"


}


PerformanceInfomation (){
CPUIdle=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep C[Pp][Uu]|grep id|awk '{print $5}'|awk -F "%" '{print $1}'`
CPUloadAverage=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "load average:"|awk -F ":" '{print $5}'|sed 's/^[ \t]*//g'`
ProcessNumbers=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Tasks"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $3}'`
Proceunning=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Tasks"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $8}'`
ProcessSleeping=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Tasks"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $11}'`
ProcessStoping=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Tasks"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $16}'`
ProcessZombie=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Tasks"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $21}'`
UserSpaceCPU=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep 'C[Pp][Uu]'|head -1|awk -F "[: ,%]" '{print $4}'`
SystemSpaceCPU=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep 'C[Pp][Uu]'|head -1|awk -F "[: ,%]" '{print $8}'`
ChangePriorityCPU=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep 'C[Pp][Uu]'|head -1|awk -F "[: ,%]" '{print $12}'`
WaitingCPU=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep 'C[Pp][Uu]'|head -1|awk -F "[: ,%]" '{print $19}'`
HardwareIRQCPU=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep 'C[Pp][Uu]'|head -1|awk -F "[: ,%]" '{print $23}'`
SoftwareIRQCPU=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep 'C[Pp][Uu]'|head -1|awk -F "[: ,%]" '{print $27}'`
MemUsed=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Mem"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $11}'|tr -d "a-zA-Z"|awk '{printf("%dM\n",$1/1024)}'`
MemFreeP=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Mem"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $16}'|tr -d "a-zA-Z"|awk '{printf("%dM\n",$1/1024)}'`
MemBuffersP=` top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Mem"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $22}'|tr -d "a-zA-Z"|awk '{printf("%dM\n",$1/1024)}'`
CacheCachedP=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Swap"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $24}'|tr -d "a-zA-Z"|awk '{printf("%dM\n",$1/1024)}'`
CacheTotal=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Swap"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $4}'|tr -d "a-zA-Z"|awk '{printf("%dM\n",$1/1024)}'`
CacheUsed=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Swap"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $14}'|tr -d "a-zA-Z"|awk '{printf("%dM\n",$1/1024)}'`
CacheFree=`top -d 2 -n 1 -b|grep "Swap"|awk -F "[: ,]" '{print $18}'|tr -d "a-zA-Z"|awk '{printf("%dM\n",$1/1024)}'`


echo -e "CPUIdle|$CPUIdle\nCPUloadAverage|$CPUloadAverage\nProcessNumbers|$ProcessNumbers\nProceunning|$Proceunning\nProcessSleeping|$ProcessSleeping\nProcessStoping|$ProcessStoping\nProcessZombie|$ProcessZombie\nUserSpaceCPU|$UserSpaceCPU\nSystemSpaceCPU|$SystemSpaceCPU\nChangePriorityCPU|$ChangePriorityCPU\nWaitingCPU|$WaitingCPU\nHardwareIRQCPU|$HardwareIRQCPU\nSoftwareIRQCPU|$SoftwareIRQCPU\nMemUsed|$MemUsed\nMemFreeP|$MemFreeP\nMemBuffersP|$MemBuffersP\nCacheCachedP|$CacheCachedP\nCacheTotal|$CacheTotal\nCacheUsed|$CacheUsed\nCacheFree|$CacheFree\n"
}


OprateSystemSec () {
echo '======================UserLogin======================'
w


echo '======================FileUsed======================='
df -ah


echo '======================dmesgError====================='
dmesg | grep error


echo '======================dmesgFail======================'
dmesg | grep Fail


echo '======================BootLog========================'
more /var/log/boot.log | grep -V "OK" | sed '1,6d'


echo '======================route -n======================='
route -n
echo '======================iptables -L===================='
iptables -L
echo '======================netstat -lntp=================='
netstat -lntp
echo '======================netstat -antp=================='
netstat -antp
echo '======================BootLog========================'
netstat -s
echo '======================netstat -s====================='
last
echo '======================du -sh /etc/==================='
du -sh /etc/
echo '======================du -sh /boot/=================='
du -sh /boot/
echo '======================du -sh /dev/==================='
du -sh /dev/
echo '======================df -h=========================='
df -h
echo '======================mount | column -t=============='
mount | column -t


}




TopAndVmstat(){
top -d 2 -n 1 -b
vmstat 1 10
}


CheckGatherLog(){
if [ ! -x "$LocalServerLogPath" ];then
    mkdir "$LocalServerLogPath"
fi




if [ -f "$LocalServerLogPath/$GetTheIpCommand.log" ];then
       rm -rf $LocalServerLogPath/$GetTheIpCommand.log
fi




if [ ! -f "$LocalServerLogPath/$GetTheIpCommand.log" ];then
    touch $LocalServerLogPath/$GetTheIpCommand.log
    LinuxOsInformation>>$LocalServerLogPath/$GetTheIpCommand.log
    PerformanceInfomation>>$LocalServerLogPath/$GetTheIpCommand.log
    OprateSystemSec>>$LocalServerLogPath/$GetTheIpCommand.log
    TopAndVmstat>>$LocalServerLogPath/$GetTheIpCommand.log
fi
}


chk_expect=`whereis expect`
awk_expect=`echo ${chk_expect}| awk -F ":" '{print $2}'`
if [ ${#awk_expect} -eq 0 ];then
        /usr/bin/yum install expect -y  
else
        echo "expect soft installed"
fi


CheckGatherLog


SCP_LOG_TO_GATHER_SERVER="scp -P $GatherServerPort  $LocalServerLogPath/$GetTheIpCommand.log root@$GatherServerIpAddress:$GatherServerLogPath"


/usr/bin/expect<<EOF
        set timeout 50
        spawn $SCP_LOG_TO_GATHER_SERVER
        expect {
                   "*yes/no" { send "yes\r"; exp_continue }
                   "*password:" { send "$GatherServerPassword\r" }
               }
expect "Permission denied, please try again." {exit}
        expect "100%"
        expect eof


EOF

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