MySQL5.7.22-源代码编译安装

Centos下用cmake编译安装MySQL 5.7.22

环境:CentOS6.8

[root@li1164-33 mysql5722]# cat /etc/redhat-release 
CentOS release 6.8 (Final)
Linux   4.15.13-x86_64-linode106 #1 SMP Tue Mar 27 14:42:14 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux


安装依赖包
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ ncurses ncurses-devel cmake 

yum -y install gcc-c++ ncurses-devel cmakemake perl gcc autoconf automake zlib libxml libgcrypt libtool bison

 
下载相应源码包
cd /usr/local/src
wgethttp://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/boost/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz

wgethttps://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.22.tar.gz

添加mysql用户
useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql


预编译
tar xzf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz
tar xzf mysql-5.7.11.tar.gz
mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql5722/

mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql5722/tmpdir
chown -R mysql.mysql/usr/local/mysql5722

mv boost_1_59_0 /usr/local/boost
cd mysql-5.7.11
#
MySQL 5.7.5开始Boost库是必需的

cmake-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql5722 -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql5722/data   -DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1    -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost  -DSYSCONFDIR=/usr/local/mysql5722  -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1  -DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1  -DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1  -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1  -DENABLE_DTRACE=0  -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8mb4  -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8mb4_general_ci  -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql5722/mysqld.sock-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=all -DWITH_PERFSCHEMA_STORAGE_ENGINE=1-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=65400 -DWITH_DEBUG=OFF


编译安装


make #
编译很消耗系统资源,小内存可能编译通不过
make install
编译出错,删除下面文件,重新编译安装。
#rm -f CMakeCache.txt


make && make install
启动脚本设置开机自启动
/bin/cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld


chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld
chkconfig --add mysqld
chkconfig mysqld on

 


/etc/my.cnf
仅供参考
cat > /etc/my.cnf << EOF
[client]
port = 65400
socket = /usr/local/mysql5722/mysqld.sock
default-character-set = utf8mb4
[mysqld]
port = 65400
socket = /usr/local/mysql5722/mysqld.sock
basedir = /usr/local/mysql5722
datadir = /usr/local/mysql5722/data
pid-file = /usr/local/mysql5722/mysql.pid

tmpdir=/usr/local/mysql5722/tmpdir
user = mysql
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
server-id = 1
init-connect = 'SET NAMES utf8mb4'
character-set-server = utf8mb4
#skip-name-resolve
#skip-networking
back_log = 300
max_connections = 1000
max_connect_errors = 6000
open_files_limit = 65535
table_open_cache = 128
max_allowed_packet = 4M
binlog_cache_size = 1M
max_heap_table_size = 8M
tmp_table_size = 16M
read_buffer_size = 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
join_buffer_size = 8M
key_buffer_size = 4M
thread_cache_size = 8
query_cache_type = 1
query_cache_size = 8M
query_cache_limit = 2M
ft_min_word_len = 4
log_bin = mysql-bin
binlog_format = mixed
expire_logs_days = 30
log_error = /usr/local/mysql5722/mysql-error.log
slow_query_log = 1
long_query_time = 1

log_queries_not_using_indexes=ON
slow_query_log_file = /usr/local/mysql5722/mysql-slow.log

 

general_log_file=/usr/local/mysql5722/general_log

general_log=1


performance_schema = 1
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp
#lower_case_table_names = 1
skip-external-locking
default_storage_engine = InnoDB
#default-storage-engine = MyISAM
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_open_files = 500
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 64M
innodb_write_io_threads = 4
innodb_read_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 0
innodb_purge_threads = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 2M
innodb_log_file_size = 32M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
interactive_timeout = 28800
wait_timeout = 28800
[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M
[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
read_buffer = 4M
write_buffer = 4M
EOF


初始化数据库

mysql_install_db 被废弃了取而代之的是 mysqld initialize

/usr/local/mysql5722/bin/mysqld --initialize--user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql5722 --datadir=/usr/local/mysql5722/data

 

#usr/local/mysql5722/bin/mysqld --initialize-insecure --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql5722 --#datadir=/usr/local/mysql5722/data--explicit_defaults_for_timestamp --defaults-file=/usr/local/mysql5722/my.cnf


之前版本mysql_install_db是在mysql_basedir/script5.7放在了mysql_install_db/bin目录下,且已被废弃
"--initialize"
会生成一个随机密码(~/.mysql_secret)"--initialize-insecure"不会生成密码
--datadir
目标目录下不能有数据文件

 

启动数据库

service mysqld start

#/usr/local/mysql5722/bin/mysqld_safe

 

跳过密码验证

# cat /etc/my.cnf

[mysqld]

skip_grant_tables

 

 

设置数据库密码

mysql> alter user 'root'@'localhost' identified by'mysql';
 
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -e "grant all privileges on *.* to root@'127.0.0.1'identified by "123456" with grant option;"
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -e "grant all privileges on *.* toroot@'localhost' identified by "123456" with grant option;"

 

修改环境变量

[root@xjfw3~]# vi /etc/profile

PATH=/usr/local/mysql5722/bin:$PATH

export PATH

#exportPATH="$PATH:/usr/local/mysql5722/bin"

[root@xjfw3 ~]# source/etc/profile

++++++++++++++

忘记root密码处理:

# mysql

ERROR 1045 (28000):Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)

 

配置文件中添加如下一行,跳过密码验证

# cat /etc/my.cnf

[mysqld]

skip_grant_tables

 

重启MySQL

# systemctl restart mysql

# mysql

mysql> update mysql.userset authentication_string=password('Oracle') where user='root' ;

再次重启MySQL

# systemctl restart mysql

# mysql

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

初始化密码

mysql5.7会生成一个初始化密码,而在之前的版本首次登陆不需要登录。

 

shell> cat/root/.mysql_secret

# Password set for user'root@localhost' at 2015-04-22 22:13:23

?G5W&tz1z.cN

 

修改默认密码

shell> bin/mysqladmin -hlocalhost -u root password '123@qwe' -p'?G5W&tz1z.cN'

mysqladmin: [Warning] Usinga password on the command line interface can be insecure.

Warning: Since password willbe sent to server in plain text, use ssl connection to ensure password safety

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

另外mysql5.7的mysql.user表结构被修改

 

修改mysql.user方式修改密码

mysql> update mysql.userset authentication_string=password('123qwe') where user='svoid' and Host ='localhost';

Query OK, 1 row affected(0.01 sec)

Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1 Warnings: 0

 

mysql> flush privileges;

Query OK, 0 rows affected(0.00 sec)

 

++++++++++++

7、启用远程连接:

mysql数据库远程访问设置方法

1、修改localhost

更改"mysql"数据库里的"user"表里的"host""localhost"改成"%"

mysql>use mysql;

mysql>update user set host = '%' where

user = 'root';

mysql>select host, user from user;

mysql>FLUSH PRIVILEGES;



 

 

 

 

 


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